Nothing is more beautiful than a clear day of summer in Korea. I love the start of summer. After long, freezing, and chilling time of winter, at last summer has started in South Korea. Though it has started long time ago but, damn it,  I was too busy with my studies that I hardly had time to notice it:).No doubt Korea is a beautiful country but its beauty magnifies hundred times  in summer.

The last semester of university always brings responsibility and tough study times with a mix feelings of fear and happiness. I’m passing through this time. Last week was the toughest of my master studies. After finishing the final presentation of master thesis, I decided to visit as many beautiful places in Korea as possible.

To start my expedition, I planned a day with three  friends: Aamir, Umair, and Sarmad, to visit those parts of Seoul that attract  the maximum tourists. After scrutinizing through a list, our guide Aamir finalized three places: Seoul tower, Myoeongdong, and Han river. We had no other option to say yes as the plan seemed perfect. I wanted to include Itaewon to this list but it was not possible to go everywhere in one day.

So here we go on a stroll through Seoul.

L to R:  Sarmad, Aamir, and Umair. I’m behind the camera.

It was a beautiful day of summer, 25th of May to be exact; though it was not a sunny day but the weather was clear.

1) Seoul Tower: Our first destination was Seoul tower. The best thing about Seoul tower is, you can see most of the prominent parts(yeah I’m a bit exaggerating) of the city from Seoul tower in just one view.

We took the cable car to reach the tower. You could also hike if you are not a lazy bone like us.

There are some sitting places in the surrounding of this tower where  people were sitting and enjoying the fresh breeze of summer when we got there. Some people also took the elevator inside the tower to reach the peak but we preferred to fool around here.

The city of Seoul from Seoul tower

Love locks at Seoul tower

2) Myeoungdong: Our next stop was myeongdong. It is one of the busiest shopping places of Seoul. Its streets are always full of  people.

A busy street of myeongdong

We had a fish burger at burger king there. Meanwhile Sarmad and Umair were busy doing shopping, when aamir and I were enjoying window shopping. After everyone got tired with his business, we headed for our final destination, Han river.

On the way to Han river

3) Han river: The beauty of Seoul is incomplete without Han river. We spent one and  half hour there lying on the bank of the river.

A view of Han river. On the left is Banpo bridge while Seoul tower could be seen in the front view.

The effect of cool breeze, the soothing sound of water hitting the shore, the beautiful colors of cars and buildings’ lights making reflections in river water, and the illuminating view of  Seoul, altogether hypnotized our tired minds.

I was satisfied with my day as I had captured some beautiful pics.


What is luck?Getting the right train at the right time. (C@GZKhan)


(1) Download ns2.34

http://sourceforge.net/projects/nsnam/files/allinone/ns-allinone-2.34/ns-allinone-2.34.tar.gz/downloador from any where else.

(2) Unzip the ns-allinone-2.34.tar.gz to any place where you want to install   your ns. In my case I want to unzip it in  /home/gz/ (note that my zipped folder of ns2 was in /home/gz)

$ cd /home/gz

$ tar -xzvf ns-allinone-2.34.tar.gz

(3) $cd ns-allinone-2.34

(4) $sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev

(5) $./install


It will take some time. After this step you may encounter some errors like the following snapshot

gcc-4.3: command not found
make: *** [libotcl.so] Error 1
otcl-1.13 make failed! Exiting ...

If you get the errors as above, follow the steps from 5.1 to 5.6, otherwise go to step (6)

5.1  $gedit otcl-1.13/Makefile.in

5.2  Edit the file: replace CC=      @CC@ by CC=       gcc-4.3

5.3 $sudo apt-get install g++-4.3

5.4 $cd ns-allinone-2.34

5.5 $CC=gcc-4.3 CXX=g++-4.3 ./install

5.6 You are done if you get the following screen

(6) $ gedit ~/.bashrc

It will open the file shown below. Edit the lines that are highlighted according to your path of      ns2. I installed my ns2 in /home/gz/ns-allinone-2.34

# LD_LIBRARY_PATHOTCL_LIB=/home/gz/ns-allinone-2.34/otcl-1.13NS2_LIB=/home/gz/ns-allinone-2.34/lib X11_LIB=/usr/X11R6/lib














(7) $ source ~/.bashrc

(8) $cd ns2.34

(9) $./validate

It will take long time to finish(longer than the install)

If you get this screen shot, you are successful.

(10) Create a symlink, so that ns can be called from everywhere

$ sudo ln -s /home/gz/ns-allinone-2.34/ns-2.34/ns /usr/bin/ns

(11) $reboot

to restart the system.

(12) To check whether ns is installed successfully or not, test it by entering   $ns

If you are prompted with %, it means your installation is successful otherwise check your environment variables, specifically compare the versions of otcl, nam etc in ./bashrc with those in your ns-allinone-2.34.

Press exit to go back from %.

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A nomad who always follows his heart

Listens to no tone but his own beat

Far from the dwellings; moves on the aimless drive

Unaware of space and time

Ignorant to all accords of refinement

In the noon of June(summer) burning and ardent

Without any belongings

His lips dried owing to extreme thirst

His face seems downhearted

Hair are scattered

He is alone on the long silent road

The day is humid, sunny and hot

He speeds up his pace but

No signs of habitation, human, shade and water

Hawks are fluttering in the air

He thirsty, tired and powerless

Falls under the tree standing there at the road’s side

Lonely, heir less and leafless

Life is loosing its being in search of nature……..

Right above the leafless tree

In the wide blue sky’s atmosphere

A small nomadic piece of clouds quavers

Departed from its caravan

It is smiling at its desultory liveliness…….

Nature vibrates……..

The small piece of clouds

To all other shades, it shouts

To conjoin it asks everyone

All other nomadic cloud shades join one by one

Together they all roar and dance in a flow

Tree comes under their shadow

Starts blowing a wind cool and pleasing

Follows by a rain continuous and strong

The rain drops touch the lips of nomad

Slowly comes back the life

He opens his eyes behindhand

And starts dancing in the rain

Life arises

Nature disguises

The play of hide and seek continues……

زندگی اورفطرت کا رشتہ

ایک  من چلا  خانہ بدوش

اپنے ہی دُھن میں مد ہوش

آبادیوں سے دُور

بےمنزل راستوں پہ

زماںومکاں کی قید سے بھیگا نہ

تہذیب کے سب بندھنوں سے نآشنا

جُون کی تپتی دوپہر میں


پیاس کی شدت سے ہونٹ خُشک لئے

چہرہ مُرجھایاہُوا

بال بکھرےہوے

وُہ اکیلا اوردُوردُورتک لمبی سُنسان سڑک

دُھوپ ، گرمی ، حَبس

قدم تیز ہوجاتے ہیں،لیکن

حدِ نگاہ تک آبادی،انسان،سایہ،پانی کا وجودنہیں ہے

ہَوا میں چیل منڈھلا رہےہیں

پیاس ، تھکاوٹ ، کمزوری

ؤہ سڑک کے کنارے

اکیلے ، لاوارث ، بے برگ درخت تلے

نڈھال ہو کر جا گرتا ہے

…………زندگی فطرت کی تلاش میں اپنا وجود کھو رہی ہے


ننگے درخت کے عین اُوپر

نیلے آسماں کی وسعتوں میں

اپنے قافلے سے بھٹکا ہُوا

بادل کا ایک آوارہ ٹکڑا

………اپنے بےمعنی وجود پہ مسکرا رہا ہے


…….فطرت حرکت میں آتی ہے


بادل کا ننھا ٹکڑا

دوسرے ٹکڑوں کو آواز دیتا ہے

چیختا ہے، چلاتا ہے، سب کوبلاتا ہے

ایک ایک کر کے سب آوارہ ٹکڑے آکر ملتے ہیں

سب ساتھہ جھومتے ہیں،گرجتے ہیں

درخت کے اُوپر سایہ آتا ہے

ٹھنڈی ہَوا چلنے لگتی ہے

گھن گرج کے بارش برستی ہے

پانی کی بُوندیں خانہ بدوش کےہونٹوں کوچومتی ہیں

زندگی آہستہ آہستہ پھر لوٹ آتی ہے

وہ آنکھیں کھولتاہے

اور خوشی سے برستی بارش میں جُھومنے لگتا ہے

زندگی جاگ اُٹھتی ہے

فطرت چھپ جاتی ہے

آنکھہ مچولی کا کھیل جاری رہتا ہے

Ek man chala khana badosh

Apne hi dhun main madhosh

Abadiyon se dur

Bay manzal raaston pe

Zamaan wa makaan ki qaid se bhegana

Tehzeeb k sub bandhano se na ashna

June ki tapti dopahr main

Bay sar wa samaan

Piyaas ki shidat se hont khushk liye

Chehra murjhaya hua

Baal bikhray hue

Wo akela aor dur dur lambi sunsaan sarak

Dhoop, garmi, habs

Qadam tez ho jathe hain laikin

Had e nigaah tak abaadi, insaan, saya, pani ka wajud nahi hai

Piyas, thakawat, kamzori

Wo sarak k kinaray

Akale, lawaris, bay berg drakht talay

Nidhaal ho ker ja girtha hai

Zindagi fitrat ki talash main apna wajud kho rahi hai….

Nange drakht k aen oper

Neele asman ki wusaton main

Apne qafle bhatka hua

Baadal ka ek awara tukra

Apnay bay maani wajud pe muskra raha hai……

Fitrat herkat main athi hai….

Badal ka nanha tukra

Dusre tukron ko awaz detha hai

Cheekhta hai, chilata hai, sub ko bulata hai

Ek ek ker k sub awara tukre aker milthe hain

Sub sath jhoomte hain, garajte hain

Drakht k oper saya ata hai

Thandi hawa chalni lagti hai

Ghan garaj k baarish barasti hai

Pani ki boonden khana badosh k honton ko choomti hain

Zindagi ahista ahista phir lot ati hai

Wo ankhen khilta hai

Aor khushi se barasti barish main jhoomne lagta hai

Zindagi jaag uthti hai

Fitrat chup jaati hai

Ankh macholi ka khel jari rehta hai

Never Let Me Go

“The memories I value most, I don’t seem them ever fading. I lost Ruth, then I lost Tommy but I wouldn’t lose memories of them.”, Kathy narrates in the last chapter of the book.

Never let me go” a beautiful novel by a Japanese-born British writer, Kazuo Ishiguro,  I read about this book  in the Time magazine. Then few days ago i was in my university library wandering for some novel  when I saw it again, so I borrowed it and started reading it.

I didn’t understand the book in the start but as i moved on forward, it captured my interest and became a page turner. I was amazed with the story, the expression of emotions and feelings, and last but not the least the well written depiction-style of Ishiguro.  I finished the novel yesterday with its deep impact on my mind which I would try to portray in the following lines.

The story is about three friends: Kathy, Ruth and Tommy.  They are clones and study at Hailsham, a secluded boarding school  in England.   Hailsham is an ideal school taking great care of its students’ health and creativity.The students are reminded time and again of how special they are. Their ultimate aim is to donate organs. Life at Hailsham is as normal and as  ideal as  it should be in childhood  and then at teenage with all the studies, fun, arts and sports competitions,  fairy tales, horror stories  about the surrounds of their school, night chats in dorms, secret sharing,  and all that. Tommy is a moody boy; Kathy is a kind of person who agrees to whatever others choose for her, she has a soft corner for Tommy but never approaches him; Ruth is  competitive and always tries to split the bond between Tommy and Kathy in their love triangle. Ruth and Tommy remain as a couple during this time.

As they grow into young adults, they go to cottages where they interact with the external world and experience the adult activities.  Once the clique visits the Norfolk where the veterans tell Tommy, Kathy and Ruth about the rumor  of deferral,  if two people from Hailsham fell truly in love , they are  deferred two to three years of being donors. Kathy could not find any stable relationship during this time. In this stage the mixed feelings of jealousy, love , attachment, misunderstandings and friendship  are often exchanged between the clique.Once there is a fight among Tommy, Kathy and Ruth and Kathy left the cottages as a result.

Now Kathy becomes a carer; and  Ruth and Tommy become donors. The group splits apart and after a long time they meet again. Now Kathy is the carer of Ruth. They arrange a trip to visit a boat during which Ruth confesses and apologizes for coming in between them and requests them to seek deferral. Ruth completes her life after second donation. Kathy, now, takes care of Tommy. They visit Madame’s to get deferral; Tommy also brings his arts with him to prove their love. They also meet Miss Emily there one of  their old teachers from Hialsham. Miss Emily tells them the reality of Hailsham and denies the rumor they have been hearing since their childhood. She tells them how Hailsham was set up to prove to the world the fact that clones are like normal human beings.All this talk drags them in a boundless despair. Tommy completes after his fourth donation and Kathy is ready to start donating organs.

The novel ends after Tommy and Ruth are no more in this world and Kathy is standing on the shore weeping helplessly. She is left all alone with the memories of the time she spent with her dearest friends.

“Never Let Me Go” is not about science fiction. Though it has asked some stinging questions about the daunting reality we are facing ahead but, according to the author himself , science fiction is just a tool to deliver the story.The actual story is about life and its realities. The clones die in their 20s or 30s but they see all those phases of life which we face in 70 or 80 years. So clones  can better explain the strange realities of  human life  in a short span of time.

The author has unfolded the reaction of human beings to small and tiny experiences of a day-to-day life and then the process of how these tiny feelings and expressions meet up together to form big and firm beliefs which drag us to take life-changing decisions.

The story is about how our emotions are injured in this harsh world.How do we plan our future and then how do we scream over our broken dreams. Life is not all about roses neither it’s all about thorns.  But we often imagine our life to be a perfect and ideal decorated with what we want. The real world is not much like as we want to see it. If one accepts the life with all its alarming realities, then he can handle the life in a better way.

The novel has nothing to do with telling a tale but it rather gives a picture of real life. We can  apply the story to our lives and fit it into how could we get the best from this short life.

The characters of the novel could have rebelled but they didn’t and did what they were supposed to do; one should always accept one’s fate and follow it.

Ishiguro says accepting one’s fate is a form of heroism and he calls it the Japanese creed.
A movie has also been made on this book. I haven’t seen it yet. I am looking forward to  watch the movie, “Never let me go“,  as soon as it is released here in South Korea.

I heard this sentence from the movie “Into the wild” and it went deep and deep into my heart until it was absorbed into my soul and became a core part of my thoughts.

“Into the wild” , I watched this wonderful movie a few days ago and it amazed me so much so that i watched it three times  listening to all the dialogues very carefully and seeing the enchanting natural scenes over and over.

It is based on the biography of Christopher McCandless; for the most part it depicts the expeditions of McCandless into the wild from 1990 to 1992.

Jon Krakauer wrote a book “Into the wild” in 1996 and Sean Penn after wards directed a movie on it in 2007 with Emile Hirsch starring as McCandless.

The first thing that is notable about the movie is the selection of natural scenes that have been filmed with great care and delicate sense.

Then comes the story which indicates the human desire for adventures and traveling. The story also shows “how important a family is in one’s life.”

Into The Wild

The most important aspect of the movie is its dialogues

“I read somewhere… how important it is in life not necessarily to be strong… but to feel strong.”

“Rather than love, than money, than faith, than fame, than fairness… give me truth……..”

“Some people feel like they don’t deserve love. They walk away quietly into empty spaces, trying to close the gaps of the past.”

“If we admit that human life can be ruled by reason, then all possibility of life is destroyed.”

“The core of mans’ spirit comes from new experiences.”

“So many people live within unhappy circumstances and yet will not take the initiative to change their situation because they are conditioned to a life of security, conformity, and conservatism, all of which may appear to give one peace of mind, but in reality nothing is more dangerous to the adventurous spirit within a man than a secure future. The very basic core of a man’s living spirit is his passion for adventure. The joy of life comes from our encounters with new experiences, and hence there is no greater joy than to have an endlessly changing horizon, for each day to have a new and different sun.”

“You are wrong if you think that the joy of life comes principally from the joy of human relationships. God’s place is all around us, it is in everything and in anything we can experience. People just need to change the way they look at things.”

“The freedom and simple beauty is too good to pass up…”

“There is a pleasure in the pathless woods;

There is a rapture on the lonely shore;

There is society, where none intrudes,

By the deep sea, and music in its roar;

I love not man the less, but Nature more…”

Lord Byron

“I have lived through much and now I think I have found what is needed for happiness. A quiet, secluded life in the country with the possibility of being useful to people.” Leo Tolstoy